Xi Liu


NAME:                                   Xi Liu (Louie)

SEX:                                     Male

D. O. B:                                 June 1971

NATIONANITY:                        P. R. China


EMAIL:                                         xi.liu@pku.edu.cn

TELEPHONE:                                 +86-10-62753585

POST ADDRESS:                     School of Earth and Space Sciences

                                           Peking University

                                           Beijing 100871

                                           P. R. China



C. Doctor of Philosophy (2003): Research School of Earth Sciences, Australian National University; High pressure-high temperature experimentation of partial melting of mantle spinel lherzolite with piston-cylinder apparatus.

B. Master of Science (1998): Institute of Geology (now Institute of Geology and Geophysics), Chinese Academy of Science; Field work on ultra-high pressure metamorphic rocks in Sulu-Dabie mountain region of China.

A. Bachelor of Science (1994): Department of geology, China University of Geosciences (Beijing); Field work on igneous rocks in Inner Mongolia of China and geological mapping at a scale of 1:50 000.


C. Professor (2008-present): School of Earth and Space Sciences, Peking University, P. R. China; High pressure-high temperature experimental research.

B. Postdoctoral Fellow (2005-2007): Department of Earth Sciences, University of Western Ontario, Canada; Synthesizing and characterizing some biomaterials like carbon apatite at high pressure-high temperature conditions.

A. JSPS Postdoctoral Fellow (2003-2005): Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University, Japan; Phase transition and microstructure of Earth materials under extreme pressure-temperature conditions achieved in large volume press using both quench and in situ methods.


C. JSPS Post-doctor Fellowship (2003-2005; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science).

B. Australian International Postgraduate Scholarship (1999-2003; Australian Government Department of Education, Training and Youth Affairs).

A. A. E. Ringwood Memorial Scholarship (1999-2003; Research School of Earth Sciences, Australian National University).


D. Biomaterials like hydroxyapatite in bones and dental enamel.

C. Mineral physics at very high pressure-high temperature conditions.

B. Phase transformations of Earth materials at very high pressure-high temperature conditions.

A. Partial melting of the upper mantle with or without fluid components: Experiment and thermodynamics.


A. Sample-synthesizing: extensive experience with high-temperature furnace, hydrothermal bomb, piston-cylinder, and multi-anvil; extensive skills with supporting devices like lathe, high accuracy drill, high accuracy laser cutter, computer numerical control machines, etc.

B. Sample-analyzing: Electron microprobe both in EDS and WDS modes; Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy for glass, single crystal and the KBr method; X-ray diffraction for powder and single crystal; Synchrotron radiation with large volume press and diamond anvil cell; Transmission Electron Microscopy and sample preparation with Ga ion probe (down to ~ 80 nanometers in thickness); Raman Spectroscopy; ICP-MS, etc.



84. Wang Y, Sun Q, Duan F, Bao X, Liu X (2019). The study of crystal structure on grossular-andradite solid solution. Minerals 9, 691 (Corresponding Author).(PDF)

83. Liu L, Ma Y, Yan W, Liu X (2019). Trace element partitioning between MgAl2O4-spinel and carbonatitic silicate melt from 3 to 6 GPa, with emphasis on the role of cation order-disorder. Solid Earth Sciences 4, 43-65 (Corresponding    Author).(PDF)

82. Ma Y, Liu X (2019). Kinetics and thermodynamics of Mg-Al disorder in MgAl2O4-Spinel: A Review. Molecules 24, 1704 (doi:10.3390/molecules24091704; Corresponding Author).(PDF)

81. Zhang Y, Zhang Y, Liu Y, Liu X (2019). A metastable Fo-III wedge in cold slabs subducted to the lower part of the mantle transition zone: A hypothesis based on first-principles simulations. Minerals 9, 186 (doi:10.3390/min9030186; Corresponding Author).(PDF)

80. He, M., Yan, W., Chang, Y., Liu, K., Liu, X. (2019). Fundamental infrared absorption features of α-quartz: An unpolarized single-crystal absorption infrared spectroscopic study. Vibrational Spectroscopy, 101, 52-63.(PDF)

79. Zhang, Y., Liu, X., Shieh, S.R., Zhang, Z., Bao, X., Xie, T., Wang, F., Prescher, C., Prakapenda, V.B. (2019). Equations of state of Co2TiO4-Sp, Co2TiO4-CM, and Co2TiO4-CT, and their phase transitions: an experimental and theoretical study.  Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, doi.org/10.1007/s00269-019-01023-3.(PDF)

78. Mi, Z., Shi, W., Zhang, L., Shieh, S.R., Liu, X. (2018). Equation of state of a natural chromian spinel at ambient temperature. Minerals, 8, 591 (doi:10.3390/min8120591;).(PDF)

77. Tao, R., Zhang, L., Tian, M., Zhu, J., Liu, X., Liu, J., Hofer, H., Stagno ,V., Fei, Y. (2018). Formation of abiotic hydrocarbon from reduction of carbonate in subduction zones: Constraints from petrological observation and experimental simulation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 239, 390–408.(PDF)

76. Zhang,Z., Mao, Z., Liu, X., Zhang, Y., Brodholt, J. (2018). Stability and reactions of CaCO3 polymorphs in the Earth’s deep mantle. Journal of Geophysical Research, 10.1029/2018JB015654.(PDF)

75. Liu, L., Hu, X., Liu, X. (2018).  MgO partition between olivine and K2O-rich silicate melt: Geothermometers applicable to high potassium magmas. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 166,181–194.(PDF)

74. Chen, T., Wang,Y., Bao, X., Ma, Y., Liu, L., Liu, X. (2018). Heating Techinque, Temperature Measurement, and Temperature Distribution in High Pressure Experiments on Large Volume Press [J]. Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment, 40, 428-448.(PDF)

73. Liu, L., Liu, X., Bao, X., He, Q., Yan, W., Ma, Y., He, M., Tao, R., Zou, R. (2018). Si-Disordering in MgAl2O4-Spinel under High P-T Conditions, with Implications for Si-Mg Disorder  in Mg2SiO4-Ringwoodite. Minerals, 8, 210.(doi:10.3390/min8050210).(PDF)

72. Sun, W., Hawkesworth, C.J., Yao, C., Zhang, C., Huang, R., Liu, X., Sun, X., Ireland, T., Song, M., Ling, M., Ding, X., Zhang, Z., Fan, W., Wu, Z. (2018). Carbonated mantle domains at the base of the Earth’s transition zone. Chemical Geology ,478, 69-75.(PDF)

71. Du, W., Han, B., Clark, S.M., Wang, Y., Liu, X. (2018). Raman spectroscopic study of synthetic pyrope-grossular garnets: structural implications. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 45, 197-209.(PDF)

70. Bao, X., Liu, X., Liu, X. (2017). High-pressure synthesis, crystal structure and photoluminescence properties of a new terbium silicate: Na2Tb1.08Ca2.92Si6O18H0.8. RSC Advances, 7, 50195-50199. (Corresponding Author).(PDF)

69. Liu, X., Dai L, Deng L, Fan D, Liu Q, Ni H, Sun Q, Wu X, Yang X, Zhai S, Zhang B, Zhang L, Li H (2017). Recent progresses in some fields of high-pressure physics relevant to Earth sciences achieved by Chinese scientists. Chinese Journal of High Pressure Physics, 31, 657-681.(PDF)

68. Bao, X., Zhang, Y., Zhang, Z., Zhang, L., Liu, X., Dong, J., Liu, X. (2017). A new Ca3MgSi2O8 compound and some of its thermodynamic properties. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 255, 145-149 (Corresponding Author).(PDF)

67. Tao, R., Zhang, L., Liu, X., Bader, T., Fei, Y. (2017). Phase relations and formation of K-bearing Al-10 A phase in the MORB + H2O system: implications for the H2O- and K-cycle in subduction zone. American Mineralogist, 102, 1922-1933.(PDF)

66. Tao, R., Zhang, L., Stagno, V., Chu, X., Liu, X. (2017). High-pressure experimental verification of rutile-ilmenite oxybarometer: implications for the redox state of the subduction zone. Science China-Earth Sciences, 60, 1817-1825.(PDF)

65. Liu, X., Ma, Y., He, Q., He, M. (2017). Some IR features of SiO4 and OH in coesite, and its amorphization and dehydration at ambient pressure. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences,148, 315-323 (Corresponding Author).(PDF)

64. Xu, C., Kynicky, J., Tao, R., Liu, X., Zhang, L., Pohanka, M., Song, W., Fei, Y. (2017). Recovery of an oxidized majorite inclusion from Earth's deep asthenosphere. Science Advances, 3, e1601589.(PDF)

63. Zhang, Y., Liu, X., Shieh, S.R., Bao, X., Xie, T., Wang, F., Zhang, Z., Prescher, C., Prakapenka, V.B. (2017). Spinel and post-spinel phase assemblages in Zn2TiO4, an experimental and theoretical study. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 44, 109-123 (Corresponding Author).(PDF)

62. Liu, X., Xiong, Z., Shieh, S.R., He, Q., Deng, L., Zhang, Y., Chang, L., Wang, F., Hong, X., Chen, Z. (2016). Non-monotonic compositional dependence of isothermal bulk modulus of the (Mg1-xMnx)Cr2O4 spinel solid solutions, and its origin and implication. Solid Earth Sciences, 1, 89-100 (Corresponding Author).(PDF)

61. He, Q., Liu, X., Li, B., Deng, L., Liu, W., Wang, L. (2016). Thermal equation of state of a natural kyanite up to 8.55 GPa and 1273 K. Matter and Radiation at Extremes, 1, 269-276 (Corresponding Author).(PDF)

60. Zhang, Y., Liu, X., Xiong, Z., Zhang, Z. Compressional behavior of MgCr2O4 spinel from first-principles simulation. Science China-Earth Sciences, 59, 989-996 (Corresponding Author).(PDF)

59. Lv, M., Liu, X., Shieh, S.R., Xie, T., Wang, F., Prescher, C., Prakapenka, V.B. Equation of state of synthetic qandilite Mg2TiO4 at ambient temperature. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 43, 301-306 (Corresponding Author).(PDF)

58. Xiong, Z., Liu, X., Shieh, S.R., Wang, S., Chang, L., Tang, J., Hong, X., Zhang, Z. and Wang, H. (2016). Some thermodynamic properties of larnite (β-Ca2SiO4) constrained by high T/P experiment and/or theoretical simulation. American Mineralogist, 101(1-2),277-288 (Corresponding Author).

57. Wang, F., Liu, X., Lv, M., Zhang, Y., Zhang, L., and Zheng, H. (2016). A simple but efficient device to prevent over-heating the objective lens in high-T spectroscopic experiments: an air blower device. Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis, doi: 10.3964/j.issn.1000-0593(2016)09-00-07 (Corresponding Author).

56. Liu, X., Xiong, Z., Chang, L., He, Q., Wang, F., Shieh, S.R., Wu, C., Li, B. and Zhang, L. (2016). Anhydrous ringwoodites in the mantle transition zone: their bulk modulus, solid solution behavior, compositional variation, and sound velocity feature. Solid Earth Sciences, 1, 28-47 (Corresponding Author).

55. Li, J.,Zhao, Z.,Zheng, Y.,Yuan, G.,Liang, X.,Wang, G.,Liu, X.(2015).The magmatite evidences in southern Qiangtang for paleo-Tethys ocean subducting collision: Gangtang-co granites in Rongma, Tibet.Acta Petrologica Sinica,31,2078-2088.(PDF)

54. Tao, R.,Zhang, L.,Liu, X.(2015).Oxygen fugacity of Earth's mantle and deep carbon cycle in the subduction zone.Acta Petrologica Sinica,31,1879-1890.(PDF)

53. Wang, F.,Liu, X.,Zheng, H.,Zhang, L.(2015).Anharmonic vibration of the SiO4 tetrahedron in olivine at temperatures in the subducion zone: An infrared absorbance spectoscopic study.Acta Petrologica Sinica,31,1891-1900(Corresponding Author).(PDF)

52. Lv, M.,Liu, X.,Xiong, Z.,Wang, F.(2015).Influence of Metal Additives on the Reaction Rate of High-Pressure and High-Temperature Experiments: Add Platinum Powder into the Coesite-Corundum-Kyanite System. Chinese Journal of High Pressure Physics,29,99-108(Corresponding Author).(PDF)

51. Chang, L., Liu, X., Wu, C., Liu, X. and Li, G. (2015). Full and ideal mixing behavior between Zr-Wd (K2ZrSi3O9) and Ti-Wd (K2TiSi3O9): evidences from mineral chemistry, X-ray diffraction pattern and Raman spectrum. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 42, 223-234 (Corresponding Author).(PDF)

50. Xiong, Z., Liu, X., Shieh, S.R, Wang, F., Wu, X., Hong, X. and Shi, Y. (2015). Equation of state of a synthetic ulv?spinel, (Fe1.94Ti0.03)Ti1.00O4.00, at ambient temperature. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 42, 171-177 (Corresponding Author).(PDF)

49. Tang, J.,Liu, X., Xiong,Z.,He,Q.,Shieh, S.R., Wang,H. (2014). High Temperature X-ray Diffraction,DSC-TGA, Polarized FTIR and High Pressure Raman Spectroscopy Studies on Euclase. Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, 33, 289-298 (Corresponding Author).(PDF)

48. He, Q., Tang, J., Wang, F., Liu, X. (2014). High Temperature Stable Assembly Designed for Cubic Press. Chinese Journal of High Pressure Physics, 28, 145-151.(PDF)

47. Chen, Y., Liu, X. and Zhou, Y. (2014). 3D-FEM modeling of the microscopic stress field of forsterite aggregate under hydrostatic pressure: Significance of the crystal orientation. Science China - Earth Sciences, 57, 1192-1198 (Corresponding Author).(PDF)

46. Liu, X, Chang, L., He, Q. (2013). 岩石高温高压实验技术与方法. 固体地球科学研究方法 (丁仲礼编), 682-698.(PDF)

45. Chang, L., Liu, X., Liu, H., Kojitani H. and Wang, S. (2013). Vibrational mode analysis and heat capacity calculation of K2SiSi3O9-wadeite. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 40, 563-574 (Corresponding Author).(PDF)

44. Deng, L., Fei, Y., Liu, X., Gong, Z. and Shahar A. (2013). Effect of carbon, sulfur and silicon on iron melting at high pressure: Implications for composition and evolution of the planetary terrestrial cores. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 114: 220-233.(PDF)

43. He, Q., Liu, X., Li, B., Deng, L., Chen, Z., Liu, X., and Wang, H. (2013). Expansivity and compressibility of strontium fluorapatite and barium fluorapatite determined by in situ X-ray diffraction at high-T/P conditions: significance of the M-site cations. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 40, 349-360 (Corresponding Author).(PDF)

42. Chang, L., Chen, Z., Liu, X. and Wang, H. (2013). Expansivity and compressibility of wadeite-type K2Si4O9 determined by in situ high T/P experiments, and their implication. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 40, 29-40 (Corresponding Author).(PDF)

41. Liu, X., Ohfuji, H., Nishiyama, N., He, Q.,Sanehira, T., Irifune, T. (2012). High-P behavior of anorthite composition and some phase relations of the CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 system to the lower mantle of the Earth, and their geophysical implications. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 117, B09205.(PDF)

40. Liu, X., Chen, J., Tang, J., He, Q., Li, S., Peng, F., He, D., Zhang, L, and Fei, Y. (2012). A large volume cubic press with a pressure-generating capability up to about 10 GPa. High Pressure Research, 32, 239-254.(PDF)

39. He, Q., Liu, X., Hu, X., Deng, L., Chen, Z., Li, B. and Fei, Y. (2012). Solid solutions between lead fluorapatite and lead fluorvanadate apatite: compressibility determined by using a diamond-anvil cell coupled with synchrotron X-ray diffraction. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 39, 219-226(Corresponding Author).(PDF)

38. Wang, S., Liu, X., Fei, Y., He, Q. and Wang, H. (2012). In situ high-temperature powder X-ray diffraction study on the spinel solid solution (Mg1-xMnx)Cr2O4. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 39, 189-198(Corresponding Author).(PDF)

37. Liu, X., Wang, S., He, Q., Chen, J., Wang, H., Li, S., Peng, F., Zhang, L., Fei, Y. (2012). Thermal elastic behavior of CaSiO3-walstromite: A powder X-ray diffraction study up to 900oC. American Mineralogist, 97, 262-267.(PDF)

36. He, Q., Liu, X., Hu, X., Li, S., Wang, H. (2011). Solid solution between lead fluorapatite and lead fluorvanadate apatite: mixing behavior, Raman feature and thermal expansivity. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 38, 741-752(Corresponding Author).(PDF)

35. Liu, X., He, Q., Deng, L., Zhai, S., Hu, X., Li, B., Zhang, L., Chen, Z., Liu, Q.(2011). Equation of state of CAS phase to pressure of the uppermost lower mantle at ambient temperature. Science China D: Earth Sciences, 54, 1394-1399.(PDF)

34. Deng, L., Liu, X., Liu, H. and Zhang, Y. (2011).A first-principles study of the phase transition from Holl-I to Holl-II in the composition KAlSi3O8. American Mineralogist, 96, 974-982 (Corresponding author).(PDF)

33. Fleet, M.E., Liu, X. and Liu, X. (2011). Orientation of channel carbonate ions in apatite: Effect of pressure and composition. American Mineralogist, 96, 1148-1157.(PDF)

32. Hu, X., Liu, X., He, Q., Wang, H., Qin, S., Ren, L., Wu, C. and Chang, L. Thermal expansion of andalusite and sillimanite at ambient pressure: a powder X-ray diffraction study up to 1000oC. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 363-374 (Corresponding author).(PDF)

31. Liu, X., Fleet, M.E., Shieh, S.R. and He, Q. (2011). Synthetic lead bromapatite: X-ray structure at ambient pressure and compressibility up to about 20 GPa. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 38, 397-406.(PDF)

30. Liu, X., Liu, W., He, Q., Deng, L., Wang, H., He, D., Li, B. (2011). Isotropic thermal expansivity and anisotropic compressibility of ReB2. Chinese Physics Letter, 28, 036401.(PDF)

29. Liu, X., Shieh, S. R., Fleet, M. E., Zhang, L, and He, Q. (2011). Equation of state of carbonated hydroxylapatite at ambient temperature up to 10 Gpa: Significance of carbonate. American Mineralogist, 96, 74-80.(PDF)

28. Liu, X., Hu Z. and Deng L. (2010). Feldspars under conditions of high temperature-high pressure. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 26, 3641-3650.(PDF)

27. Wang, H., He, D., Tan, N., Wang, W., Wang, J., Dong, H., Ma, H., Kou, Z., Peng, F., Liu, X., and Li, S. (2010). Note: an anvil-preformed gasket system to extend pressure range for large volume cubic presses. Review of Scientific Instruments, 81, 116101.(PDF)

26. Liu, X., He, Q., Wang, H., Fleet, M. E., Hu, X. (2010). Thermal expansion of kyanite at ambient pressure: an X-ray powder diffraction study up to 1000oC. Geoscience Frontiers, 1, 91-97.(PDF)

25. Deng, L., Liu, X., Liu, H. and Dong, J. (2010). High-pressure phase relations in the composition of albite NaAlSi3O8 constrained by an ab initio and quasi-harmonic Debye model, and their implications. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 298, 427-433 (Corresponding author).(PDF)

24. Huang, T., Shieh, S.R., Akhmetov, A., Liu, X., Lin, C.M., Lee, J.S. (2010). Pressure-induced phase transition in BaCrO4. Physical Review B, 81, 214117.(PDF)

23. Fleet, M. E. and Liu, X. (2010). X-ray absorption spectroscopy of ultramarine pigments: A new analytical method for the polysulfide radical anion S3- chromophore. Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, 65, 75-79. doi:10.1016/j.sab.2009.11.008.(PDF)

22. Fleet, M. E, Liu, X., and Shieh, S. R. (2010). Structural change in lead fluorapatite at high pressure. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 36, DOI 10.1007/s00269-009-0305-3.(PDF)

21. Liu, X., Zhang, L., Hack, C. A., Zheng, H., Hu, X., Chang, L. and He, Q. (2009). Effect of water on the partial melting process of some silicate systems: important implication of the second critical endpoint. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 25, 3407-3421.(PDF)

20. Zhai, S., Liu, X., Shieh, S.R., Zhang, L. and Ito, E.(2009). Equation of state of γ-tricalcium phosphate, γ-Ca3(PO4)2, to lower mantle pressures. American Mineralogist, 94, 1388-1391 (Corresponding author).(PDF)

19. Liu, X.,Shieh, S. R., Fleet, M. E. and Zhang, L. (2009). Compressibility of a natural kyanite to 17.5 GPa. Progress in Natural Science, 19, 1281-1286.(PDF)

18. Yang, Y. P., Zheng, H. F., Zhang, L. F., Liu, X. and Deng, S. T. (2009). Raman spectroscopic analysis of the NaCl-H2O systems at high pressure and high temperature: A new method of determining the salinity of fluid inclusion. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 25, 2023-2028.(PDF)

17. Fleet, M. E. and Liu, X. (2009). Sodium hydrogen carbonate (NaHCO3): coincidence site lattice twinning and structure refinement. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie, 224, 144-150.(PDF)

16. Liu, X. and Fleet, M. E. (2009). Phase relations of nahcolite and trona at moderate P-T conditions. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 104, 25-36.(PDF)

15. Fleet, M. E. and Liu, X. (2009). Location of carbonate ions in structure of biological apatite. In: Advances in Bioceramics and Porous Ceramics, Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings 29/7 (R. Narayan, P.Colombo, edits.), Wiley, New York. 63-76.(PDF)

14. Liu, X., Shieh, S. R., Fleet, M. E. and Akhmetov, A. (2008). High-pressure study on lead fluorapatite. American Mineralogist, 93, 1581-1584.(PDF)

13. Fleet, M. E. and Liu, X. (2008). Carbonate in synthetic and biological apatites. Proceedings of Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM 2008), 303-311.(PDF)

12. Fleet, M. E. and Liu, X. (2008). Type A-B carbonate chlorapatite synthesized at high pressure. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 181, 2494-2500.(PDF)

11. Fleet, M. E. and Liu, X. (2008). Accommodation of the carbonate ion in fluoapatite synthesized at high pressure. American Mineralogist, 93, 1460-1469.(PDF)

10. Fleet, M. E. and Liu, X. (2007). Hydrogen-carbonate ion in synthetic high-pressure apatite. American Mineralogist, 92, 1764-1767.(PDF)

9. Liu, X. and O’Neill, H. St. C. (2007). Effects of P2O5 and TiO2 on the partial melting of spinel lherzolite in the system CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 at 1.1 GPa. Canadian Mineralogist, 45, 649-655.(PDF)

8. Fleet, M. E. and Liu, X. (2007). Coupled substitution of type A and B carbonate in sodium-bearing apatite. Biomaterials, 28, 916-926.(PDF)

7. Liu, X., Nishiyama, N., Sanehira, T., Inoue, T., Higo, Y. and Sakamoto, S. (2006). Decomposition of kyanite and solubility of Al2O3 in stishovite at high pressure and high temperature conditions. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 33, 711-721.(PDF)

6. Sueda, Y., Irifune, T., Yamada, A., Inoue, T., Liu, X. and Funakoshi, K. (2006). The phase boundary between CaSiO3 perovskite and Ca2SiO4 + CaSi2O5 determined by in situ X-ray observations. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L10307, doi:10.1029/2006GL025772.(PDF)

5. Liu, X. (2006). Phase relations in the system KAlSi3O8-NaAlSi3O8 at high pressure-high temperature conditions and their implication for the petrogenesis of lingunite. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 246, 317-325.(PDF)

4. Liu, X., O’Neill, H. St. C. and Berry, A. J. (2006). The effects of small amounts of H2O,CO2 and Na2O on the Partial melting of spinel Lherzolite in the System CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2±H2O±CO2±Na2O at 1.1 GPa. Journal of Petrology, 47, 409-434.(PDF)

3. Liu, X. and O’Neill, H. St. C. (2004). The effect of Cr2O3 on the partial melting of spinel lherzolite in the system CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2-Cr2O3 at 1.1 GPa. Journal of Petrology, 45, 2261-2286.(PDF)

2. Liu, X. and O’Neill, H. St. C. (2004). Partial melting of spinel lherzolite in the system CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2±K2O at 1.1 GPa. Journal of Petrology, 45, 1339-1368.(PDF)

1. Liu, X. and Wang, Q. C. (1998). Quartz-ecolgite in Shuanghe Area of the Dabie Mountains: hot or cold? Scientia Geologica Sinica, 7 (4), 569-575.(PDF)


18.Liu, X. (2009). Carbon in nominally C-free minerals in the mantle (A Symposium of Deep Carbon Cycle; Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, China).

17. Liu, X. (2009). Feldspars under high pressure (The 7th Annual Meeting of the International Professionals for the Advancement of Chinese Earth Sciences; China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Beijing, June 2009).

16. Liu, X. (2009). Behaviors of crustal materials under high pressure condition (The 12th Annual Meeting of the Chinese Society of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry; Guiyang, China).

15. Liu, X. (2009). High temperature-high pressure experimental research: some examples in earth sciences (The Jointed Annual Conference of Key Laboratories of Solid Earth; Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, China).

14. Liu, X. (2008). High pressure laboratory and high pressure experimental research at Peking University (The 1st Global-COE Symposium: toward formation of the Asian network in deep earth mineralogy; Ehime, Japan).

13. Deng, L., Fei, Y., Gong, Z., and Liu, X. (2008). Effect of carbon and sulfur on iron melting at high pressure: implications for composition and evolution of the planetary terrestrial cores. The 14th National Conference of High Pressure Science; Beijing, China.

12. Fleet, M. E. and Liu, X. (2007). Crystal chemistry of apatites from high-pressure experimentation. AGU V31D-0682.

11. Fleet, M. E., Liu, X. and Liu, X. (2007). Substitution of carbonate into hydroxylapatite: biological apatite. GAC-MAC spring conference, Yellowknife 2007.

10. Liu, X. and Fleet, M. E. (2007). Nahcolite (NaHCO3) and trona (NaHCO3.Na2CO3.2H2O): laboratory phase relations at moderate P-T and occurrence in natural fluid inclusions. GAC-MAC spring conference, Yellowknife 2007.

9. Hunter, G. K., Grohe, B., Nguyen, B., Liu, X., Fleet, M. E., and Goldberg, H. A. (2007). Specificity of osteopontin adsorption to biominerals. 2007 Conference of the International Association for Dental Research, New Orleans.

8. O’Neill, H. St. C. and Liu, X. (2006). The effect of H2O on the spinel peridotite solidus. 16th Annual V. M. Goldschmidt Conference 2006, Melbourne, Australia (abstract number 01261). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Supplement 70, A458.

7. Liu, X. and Irifune, T. (2004). Al2O3 in stishovite and phase transition of Al2SiO5. GRC-ITAG Joint Conference on Earth’s Interior Dynamics: Mineral physics, seismology, and tectonics. Peking University, Beijing, China.

6. Liu, X., Irifune, T., Nishiyama, N., Sakamoto, S., Brunet, F., Higo, Y., Rapp, R., Sanehira, T., Sueda, Y., Shinmei, T., Inoue, T. and Yamazaki, D. (2004). Al2O3 in stishovite determined by forward and reversal high pressure experiments. Japan Earth and Planetary Science Joint Meeting in 2004, I021-018.

5. Liu, X. and O’Neill, H. St. C. (2003). The influence of fluid components H2O and CO2 on the partial melting of upper mantle peridotite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Supplement 67, A257.

4. Liu, X. and O’Neill, H. St. C. (2003). The effects of small amount of H2O on partial melting of model spinel lherzolite in the system CMAS. EGS-AGU-EUG Joint Assembly, Nice, France. Abstract EAE03-A08111.

3. Liu, X. and O’Neill, H. St. C. (2002). Accurate determination of the solidus of simplified spinel lherzolite in the system CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 (CMAS) at 11 kbar: traditional and new experimental techniques. EMPG IX, Zurich, Switzerland. Journal of Conference Abstracts, V. 7, No. 1, 67.

2. Liu, X. and O’Neill, H. St. C. (2002). Cr2O3: the unforgettable but forgotten oxide in mantle partial melting process. EMPG IX, Zurich, Switzerland. Journal of Conference, Abstracts, V. 7, No. 1, 66-67.

1. Wang, Q. C., Liu, X. and Wu, W. P. (1997). Intrusive contact between granitic gneiss and UHP rocks: Evidences from Chinese Dabie Mountains and tectonic implication. TERRA NOVA Abstract Supplement 1 (abstract number 109), 40.


11. Structure of carbonated apatite and EOS of variant apatites (Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, China Academy of Sciences; November 2008).

10. Modern high-pressure research (China University of Geosciences,October, 2008).

9. Phase relations of some feldspars up to 25 GPa and 2500oC: something odd and something new (Mineral Physics Institute, State University of New York at Stony Brook; August 2007)

8. Various apatites: synthesizing, fine structure determination, and their applications (State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral Resources, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan); May 2007)

7. Phase relations of some feldspars up to 25 GPa and 2500oC: Lingunite and some new phases (State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral Resources, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan); May 2007)

6. The dependence of upper mantle melting on composition: A parameterization for peridotite based on the Gibbs phase rule (State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral Resources, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan); May 2007)

5. Sodium carbonates and sodium bicarbonates at high pressures (Center for Chemical Physics, University of Western Ontario; January 2007)

4. Partial melting of the mantle at low pressures: A new look from a novel approach (Department of Earth Sciences, University of Western Ontario; February 2006)

3. Irifunite, Lingunite and some new high-pressure phases: Data of SEM, FE-SEM, TEM and X-ray (Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University; June 2005)

2. Some phase relationships at subsolidus conditions in the system SiO2-Al2O3: A multi-anvil study (Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University; July 2004)

1. The effect of Cr2O3 on the partial melting process of simplified upper mantle spinel lherzolite: An experimental study and its application (Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime Un iversity; August 2003)


I have reviewed papers for some world-leading scientific journals like Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Journal of Geophysical Research, Progress in Natural Science, American Mineralogist, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Acta Petrologica Sinica, etc.


PHD student: 

Xuwei Zhao(2019), Yao Yao(2019), Wei Yan(2018), Zhaoyang Sui(2017), Yunlu Ma(2016), Yichuan Wang(2015)

Master student: 


Graduated students:

Liping Liu, Zhongying Mi, Xinjian Bao,Tao Chen, Yining,Zhang, Yanyao Zhang, Mingda LvZhihua XiongFei WangQiang HeLinlin ChangYuxiang ChenLiwei Deng, Junjie Tang, Sicheng Wang, Xiaomin Hu , Qing Xia, Xiangze Li, Hu Zhangyi

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